Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula + Calculator

average total assets

professional bookkeeping service asset turnover ratio measures how much revenue a company generates from every dollar of the total assets. Asset turnover is a key metric used to describe your company’s financial health. Your asset turnover ratio measures how effectively your company is using the fixed assets and liquid assets that it has to generate revenue. Outside investors will use this ratio to compare your company’s performance to others in the same sector. The asset turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that measures a company’s ability to generate sales from its assets by comparing net sales with average total assets. In other words, this ratio shows how efficiently a company can use its assets to generate sales.

  • Investors can use all of this information to get a sense of a company’s TAT and how it has changed over time.
  • Therefore, to get an accurate sense of a firm’s efficacy level, it makes sense to compare the numbers with those of other companies that operate in the same industry.
  • This efficiency ratio compares net sales to fixed assets and measures a company’s ability to generate net sales from property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).
  • It is plausible that a company asset turnover ratio for any given year might be higher due to various factors such as selling off assets etc.
  • This formula provides a more accurate result by including only the net amount of an organization’s annual sales, after all refunds and returns have been removed from the total sales figure.
  • These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts.

It’s a metric that is used to compare the performance of the company’s income statement with the company’s balance sheet. Total asset turnover is a financial metric that measures a company’s efficiency in using its assets to generate sales. TAT is calculated by dividing a company’s total sales by its average total assets.

Formula For Asset Turnover Ratio

The total asset turnover ratio should be used to determine how well you are using your assets and to begin to identify areas that could be improved. You should recalculate your total asset turnover every year to determine how the changes you made from the previous year are affecting your earnings. The asset turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio and it is one of the best ways to tells how well a company is utilizing assets to create revenue.

  • Asset turnover, also known as the asset turnover ratio, measures how efficiently a business uses its assets to generate sales.
  • A ratio that measures efficiency is important as it shows a company’s ability to utilize its assets to make sales revenue.
  • This low asset turnover ratio could mean that the company is not utilizing its assets to their full potential which is a risk factor for an investor.
  • Third, a company may have chosen to outsource its production facilities, in which case it has a much lower asset base than its competitors.

Artificial deflation can be caused by a company buying large amounts of assets, such as new technologies, in anticipation of growth. Carbon Collective is the first online investment advisor 100% focused on solving climate change. We believe that sustainable investing is not just an important climate solution, but a smart way to invest. Assets intensive industries will register a higher ratio than brain driven service industries. The GoCardless content team comprises a group of subject-matter experts in multiple fields from across GoCardless.

How Does Return on Equity Relate to Return on Sales and Return on Assets?

An asset turnover ratio of 40%, for example, means that 40 cents out of every asset dollar is being converted into business revenue. It’s important to have realistic expectations of your asset turnover ratio in comparison to other companies in the same industry. As a rule of thumb, the higher your asset turnover ratio, the more financially efficient your business. Companies with fewer assets on their balance sheet (e.g., software companies) tend to have higher ratios than companies with business models that require significant spending on assets. A retailer whose biggest assets are usually inventory will have a high asset turnover ratio.

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What Is Asset Turnover?.

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Watch this short video to quickly understand the definition, formula, and application of this financial metric. Net sales are the amount of revenue generated after deducting sales returns, sales discounts, and sales allowances. Add the beginning asset value to the ending value and divide the sum by two, which will provide an average value of the assets for the year. Ebony Howard is a certified public accountant and a QuickBooks ProAdvisor tax expert. She has been in the accounting, audit, and tax profession for more than 13 years, working with individuals and a variety of companies in the health care, banking, and accounting industries. Now, check your understanding of how to calculate the Asset Turnover ratio.

Asset turnover ratio formula

It can be used to compare how a company is performing compared to its competitors, the rest of the industry, or its past performance. Companies can artificially inflate their asset turnover ratio by selling off assets. This improves the company’s asset turnover ratio in the short term as revenue increases as the company’s assets decrease. However, the company then has fewer resources to generate sales in the future.

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Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. We now have all the required inputs, so we’ll take the net sales for the current period and divide it by the average asset balance of the prior and current periods.

Formula for Asset Turnover Ratio

This article is for educational purposes and does not constitute financial, legal, or tax advice. For specific advice applicable to your business, please contact a professional. Cam Merritt is a writer and editor specializing in business, personal finance and home design.

asset turnover ratios

The higher the asset ratio, the more efficient the use of the company’s assets. Asset turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that measures how a company effectively uses its assets to generate sales. As with all ratios, this ratio should also be used while comparing companies across similar industries. A higher asset turnover ratio indicates that a company is using its assets effectively while a lower ratio indicates that the company is not using its assets efficiently. Asset turnover ratio is also used in DuPont analysis to calculate the Return on Equity of a company.

With its enormous growth in sales, the company has had to hire several employees to help manage the business. Show bioTammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master’s of business administration in finance. We have been producing top-notch, comprehensive, and affordable courses on financial trading and value investing for 250,000+ students all over the world since 2014. This is often the case for many service industries, including insurance companies, energy suppliers, and information technology firms.

Example of the Total Asset Turnover Ratio

Second, the ratio is only useful in the more capital-intensive industries, usually involving the production of goods. A services industry typically has a far smaller asset base, which makes the ratio less relevant. Third, a company may have chosen to outsource its production facilities, in which case it has a much lower asset base than its competitors.

A company with a low TAT may be an attractive investment because it has room for improvement. A high TAT is typically a sign of a healthy, growing company, while a low TAT may be a sign of a company in decline. Another is if the company sells off some of its assets, thereby reducing the average assets. Finally, if the company outsources some of its assets, it will also have a higher ratio. If a company has an asset turnover ratio of 5 it would mean that each $1 of assets is generating $5 worth of revenue.

For example, if the total asset turnover ratio is 0.72, that means that the company is making $0.72 per year for every dollar of assets that the company owns. In order to calculate your total asset turnover, you will need to gather some information. If you do not already know your net sales and average total asset numbers, you will need to have the information available to determine your net sales as well as your average total assets. The total asset turnover ratio is a valuable tool that can help you determine how well you are using your assets. It is a simple ratio that can be calculated quickly if you have all of the relevant numbers in front of you. After you have calculated the total asset turnover, you can use it to make adjustments to how you use your assets and improve your earnings.


Publicly-facing industries including retail and restaurants rely heavily on converting assets to inventory, then converting inventory to sales. Other sectors like real estate often take long periods of time to convert inventory into revenue. Though real estate transactions may result in high-profit margins, the industry-wide asset turnover ratio is low. A higher ratio is generally favored as there is the implication that the company is more efficient in generating sales or revenues. A lower ratio illustrates that a company may not be using its assets as efficiently. Asset turnover ratios vary throughout different sectors, so only the ratios of companies that are in the same sector should be compared.

A ratio of 0.26 means that Brandon’s generates 26 cents for every dollar worth of assets. This low asset turnover ratio could mean that the company is not utilizing its assets to their full potential which is a risk factor for an investor. This means that the higher the asset turnover ratio, the more efficient the company is. If the company has a low asset turnover ratio this indicates they are not using assets efficiently to generate sales.

The asset turnover ratio tells us how efficiently a business is using its assets to generate sales. This is a good measure for comparing companies in similar industries, and can even provide a snapshot of a company’s management practices. A lower ratio indicates that the company may be running inefficiently, with an upcoming need for additional assets or more space, which could lead to higher costs. The income statement can give investors a sense of how much revenue the company is generating.

These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. Locate the ending balance or value of the company’s assets at the end of the year. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance.


In general, the higher the fixed asset turnover ratio, the better, as the company is implied to be generating more revenue per dollar of long-term assets owned. If a company is showing an increase in asset turnover over time, it indicates management is effectively scaling the business and growing into its production capacity. This may be the case for growth stocks, which invest heavily in certain areas with the expectation that revenue will increase to take advantage of its capital investments. Assume, Techbuddy is a tech start-up company that manufactures a new tablet computer.

In this equation, the beginning assets are the total assets documented at the start of the fiscal year, and the ending assets are the total assets documented at the end of the fiscal year. INVESTMENT BANKING RESOURCESLearn the foundation of Investment banking, financial modeling, valuations and more. We would say that P&G has to improve its asset utilization to increase revenue generation through assets. Fixed AssetsFixed assets are assets that are held for the long term and are not expected to be converted into cash in a short period of time. Plant and machinery, land and buildings, furniture, computers, copyright, and vehicles are all examples. So, if you have a look at the figure above, you will visually understand how efficient Wal-Mart asset utilization is.